Types of Water Treatment Systems for Home Use
A water treatment plant plays a vital role in keeping the water we take for granted safe to drink. In many parts of the country, water treatment and distribution companies are found throughout. You should look into water treatment plants that are located in your area. The water treatment plant nearest you could be exactly where you need water treatment and distribution.
One water treatment plant could be the source of water quality standards you need. The water treatment plant is situated on the hilltop east of Ca in the city of Wilmington. The water treatment plant has the capability to produce up to 22 millions gallons of clean drinking water daily. The water treatment plant uses several different water treatment processes, but most municipal water treatment and distribution companies use chlorination as their main water treatment process.
Chlorination is used as the water treatment process in water treatment and distribution plants to kill bacteria, viruses, and other waterborne diseases. The water treatment plant through chlorination transforms the water into water worthy of human consumption through various means. These water treatment methods include filtration, sub-micron filtration, ion exchange, and carbon filtration.
The water treatment and purification plant through filtration use two processes. The first step involves the removal of larger solids like minerals and sediments from water. The second step in water treatment through filtration is the separation of the first step (solids) from second step (gases and chemicals). Gases and chemicals in water can cause water borne diseases and are a threat to human health; waterborne disease can also be transmitted through water. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_treatment
Sub-micron filtration is the filtration process where water is passed through thin layers of a film or membrane that has fine pores. The water passes through these tiny pores that leave the larger water solids and the sediments behind. This water treatment method is more effective in settling than chemical disinfection. Sub-micron filtration is most commonly used to remove chemical contaminants from water.
Ions will settle if water flows over a non-porous material. Ion exchange filtration is the most common way to prevent the water flow. Water is placed in a container with an electrode. The water ions are attached to the electrodes and they come out with the water stream. The ions form a thick layer on top of the water stream, preventing the water flow. Ions are attached to different sized pores in the filter.
Carbon filtration is one of the most effective water treatment methods. Carbon filters trap the carbon contaminants on the filter fabric. As water flows over the fabric, the carbon traps the sedimentation. The water flows into a separate container where the carbon granules are collected and separated.
Point-of-use water treatment systems use activated carbon to filter water. It has two filters: a pre-filter that does not remove any impurities and a post-filter. The pre-filter allows water to flow naturally. After the water passes through the pre-filter, it reaches the activated carbon. This system uses ion exchange, sub-micron filtration, and granular carbon to improve water quality standards.
Water plants use bacteria for controlling water quality standards. Different water plants use different techniques to eliminate water quality problems. Before a water plant adds bacteria to water sources, it has tested the water to identify what types of bacteria may be present.
Potable water treatment involves cleaning water that comes from lakes, ponds, and streams. These water sources can contain organic matter such as human feces or animal droppings. Organic matter can make water taste bad or smell bad. A filtration system is used to clean potable water to improve its taste and odor.
A water treatment plant uses different techniques for disinfection. Water is pumped into containers that have been filled with disinfectant solutions. As water fills into the containers, chlorine is added to kill any disease-causing organisms. Other water treatment systems use ultraviolet rays to kill bacteria and disinfection by using chemicals called chloramines.
There are many benefits of water treatment systems for home use including improved taste and odor, removal of disease-causing organisms, and improved bathing practices. Today, homeowners can install do-it-yourself water treatment systems. In addition, water treatment systems are becoming more affordable.